Sparta

Sparta was a city state in Ancient Greece.

Contents

# Characterization

Deprivation for its own sake is not valued-- rather, prevent concern for the material circumstances of life from intruding on ability to to engage in profession. (Facebook is kind of funny in this way!). To this end, having inadequate possession is no more desirable than having too many.

Replace wealth with self-sufficiency

Communal living, discipine, licensed violence toward the Helots

Simplicity, frugality, avoidance of luxury and comfort

Brutal, mindless discipline, merciless emphasis on physical fitness, socialist society

Fearlessness, harsh and cruel life, bland and lack creativity, simplicity by design.

Mild, gentle, forgiving, calm in temper, sober, extremely hard worker

Equality, military fitness, austerity

Spartans were debarred from trade of manufacture and menial labor.

Conspicuous display of wealth was discouraged.

Some claim that Spartans concealed their abilities elsewhere in order to seem superior only because of their prowess in battle.

Men of few words, held rhetoric in disdain, stick to the point, down-to-earth

When Spartans died, marked headstones would only to be granted to soldiers who died in combat during a victorious campaign.

1   History

1.1   Lycurgus

Lycurgus was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta who established the military-oriented reformation of Spartan society in accordance with the Oracle of Apollo at Delphi.

Lycurgus forbid the use of gold and sliver. Spartans were required to use money made of iron. It was almost intrinsically worthless, and was bulky and hard to transport. This isolated Sparta from outside trade.

Lycurgus is also credited with forming the Spartan institution of requiring all men to eat together in common mess halls. Only personal sacrifices and hunting excused a man from eating at the mess hall.

Lycurgus was also credited with the development of the agoge.

Lycurgus ordered the walls of Sparta demolished.

2   Legacy

Laconophilia is love or admiration of Sparta and of the Spartan culture or constitution. Many Greeks considered Sparta to be an ideal state.

Sparta was an inspiration to Nazis.

3   Demographics

4   Government and politics

The Great Rhetra (or Sparat Constitution or Politeia)

5   Education

The goal of education in Sparta was self-discipline.

Values of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

Strict laconic code of honor. No soldier was considered superior to another. Suicidal recklesseness, beserkness, and enragement was prohibited, punishable by dishonor. Fight not with raging anger, but with calmed determiation. Spartans regarded those who fought while wishing to live as more valorous than those who don't care if they die.

Boys lived in groups (agelai, herds) under an older leader. They were encouraged to give their loyalty to the communal mess hall (sysstia) rather than to their families. beginingg at the age of 12, boys would be given only one ite of clothng per year - a read cloak known as Phoinikis. Boys were deliberately undefed to encourage them to become successful at stealing good. It also let the boy becomes accustomed to hunger. They would be severely punished if caught stealing.

5.1   Agoge

The agoge was the rigorous education and training program mandated for all male Spartan citizens. It involved learning steal, cultivating loyalty, military training (e.g., pain tolerance), hunting, dancing, singing and social preparation.

> The aim of the system was to produce physically and morally strong males to > serve in the Spartan army. It encouraged conformity and the importance of the > Spartan state over one's personal interest and generated the future elites of > Sparta.

The men would become the "walls of Sparta" because Sparta was the only Greek city with no defensive walls after they had been demolished at the order of Lycurgus.

Discipline was strict and the males were encouraged to fight amongst themselves to determine the strongest member of the group.

Education in the agoge served as a great equalizer in Sparta. Men were meant to compete in athletics and in battle. Helots and common men likely only developed their reading and writing skills as was necessary to make votive offerings and read important inscriptions. On the other hand Spartans who became kings, diplomats or generals would also improve their rhetoric, reading and writing skills as they were necessary abilities to have for their positions.

6   Life

At the age of seven boys were take from their mothers and grouped together in "packs" (agelai) and sent to boot camp, known as Agoge. They beame inured to hardschip, being provided with scant food and clothing; this encouraged them to steal, and if they were caught, they were punished - not for stealing, but for getting caught. They boys were encourgaged to compete agaisnt each other in games and mock fights to foster an espirit de corps. They learned to read and write not for cultural reasons, but to read military maps.

At the age of 12, the boy was classified as a youth. Physical education was intensified, discipline became harsher, and boys were loads with extra tasks. Youths went barefoot dressed only in a tunic in both summer and winter.

At 20, Spartans became legible for military service and joine one of the messes (syssitia) which included 15 men of various ages.

In women, Traits such as grace and culture were frowned upon in favor of physical tempering and moral rectitude.

"I bore him so that he might die for Sparta," one woman said of her son, "and that is what has happened, as I wished."

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Black soup/broth was a staple soup made of boiled pigs legs, blood, salt, and vinegar. It was not a delicacy, but used for sustenace.

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Spartans were known for dry wit, which we now known as laconic humor.

# Fighting

pugilism was a thing, this came after

Greek martial art. Blend of boxing and wrestling but with the only rules being no biting or gouging of opponent's eyes.

Invented by Heracles and Theseus.

As the need for expression in violent sport increased, pankration filled a niche of "total contest" that neither wrestling or boxing could.

Very smiliar to MMA.

The death of the opponent was considered a win.

There were no time limits nor weight division. Fights continued until submission, usually declared by raishing his index finger.

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The most honored of ancient Spartan society were aggressive men with larg muscle, vigorous sexual appetites, scant interest in family life, a distaste for business and luxury, and an enthusiasm for fighting on the battlefield.

The fighters of Sparta never used money; they avoided hairdressers and entertainers and were unsentimental about their wives and children if they had them. It was a disgrace for such a man to ever been in the marketplace. Even knowing how to count was frowned upon, as an indicator of a commercial bent.

From the age of seven, every male Spartan was required to train as a soldier, sleep and eat in a barracks, and practice battle maneuvers. Husbands too had to live in the barracks, though they were allowed to spend one night a month with their wives in order to perpetuate their kind. Weak and defective infants were taken out the barren slopes of Mount Taygetus and left there to die of exposure.